Sleep apnea, simply speaking, is an ailment when the breathing routine of a person is interrupted when he or she is sleeping. At times, the breathing of the person afflicted with this stops at night, and this may happen several times over during the night. As a result, the body organs may become oxygen deprived.
How many types of sleep apnea are there?
There are primarily two types of sleep apnea:
- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) – this variety of the ailment occurs more commonly. This is the result of a blockage of the airway and happens when the soft tissue at the back side of the throat collapses when a person is sleeping.
- Central sleep apnea – in this ailment, the brain is unable to give the signal to the muscles to breathe. This happens due to instability in the respiratory control center.
Who are all in the potential risk group for sleep apnea?
It is a fact that sleep apnea can affect anyone and everyone at any given point in time. In fact, even children are at risk from this. However, there are some risk factors which need to be taken into account, and these are: being a male person; if one is overweight; if one is more than forty years of age; if one has a neck which is of big size; if a person has large tonsils or tongue or a small jaw bone; any history of sleep apnea in the family; gastroesophageal reflux; if a person has a nasal obstruction which is a result of a deviated septum, allergies or sinus issues et al.
What does sleep apnea result in?
Sleep apnea can cause a number of issues and these include the following: high blood pressure, stroke, heart failure or heart attacks, diabetes, the condition of ADHD worsening, headaches et al. Also, sleep apnea, if it is left unchecked may cause issues like falling performance in day to day activities at school and even at work and accidents while driving.
How can OSA sleep apnea be treated?
The treatment for this includes: changes in the lifestyle of a person and these include loss of weight. Also, a person can make use of a continuous positive airway pressure or a machine which makes use of positive air pressure for breathing purposes; oral breathing devices or even nasal dilators which one can use during the night; oral medicine which helps one to be alert and awake during the daytime; and even surgery.
Oral breathing devices which re-position one’s tongue and jaw while sleeping help opens up airways. These can be made use of by people who have mild to moderate sleep apnea. Also, these can also be used by those who have the severe form of this ailment but cannot use the CPAP apparatus. Also, one can try out nose strips to widen the nostrils and better the airflow. Also, nasal disks are equipped with a valve which makes it tough to breathe out; this, in turn, gives a back pressure in the airway which will aid it in staying open.
For more details cotact: Smiles Dental Studio. 4410 Duckhorn Dr., Suite A, Sacramento, CA 95834. call (916) 382-0992.